Preventing split ends on hair is partly a complicated thing. The truth is there is no chance to heal them once they have happened. Once they are there, you have only one opportunity to get rid of them – perform a hair trimming. Then, your next aim is to prevent them to appear again. In order not to prevent hair growth, you need to trim only small length, every 3 months.
Thoroughly look over your hair from roots to ends using a mirror and better illumination. As the name suggests, split ends are and the hair ends. That being said, a hair shaft can split anywhere. There can be a number of types of split ends. You need to classify yours and use one of the below described methods to prevent their further appearance.
- The actual split into several strands
- A hole inside the hair shaft. You can gather strands together in your hand to notice that better
- White dots on the hair tips
- Single strand knots, which are mostly common in short, curly and dry hair
You can carry out trimming yourself. You only need to address split ends, leaving healthy strands alone. Use small and sharp shears to cut them perfectly, not causing more splits. The length of cut shouldn’t be more than 5 mm from a split. Don’t cut much less than that, because you’re going to cause more splits that way.
Sometimes hair splits make up a tiny knot right next to the damage. Be mindful to trim that off. That procedure is a thorough and time consuming, mainly for voluminous hair or when you have a lot of split ends. But this will guarantee that your trimming will be very light and you won’t reduce your hair length too much.
Trim your hair systematically. You can order such service at a salon but professionals usually care for a sure result, so they cut extra length, making it harder for you to grow longer hair. Actually, trimming length and frequency of this procedure greatly depends on type of your hair, pace of growth, healthy state and their strength. A fair average if three months, but can be as frequent as 2 or 4-5 months, it’s for your discretion.
If you don’t have enough time to trim carefully all split ends on your own, it is still a good idea to address a professional service (though they roughly do that, cutting more than necessary). That is because the absolute absence of such treatment will let the situation to become critical and cause a lot of damage.
Different complex and several-layered haircuts can help you to level that impact of possible too frequent or excessive length trimming. You can trim the layers apart, letting the other layers to regrow and seemingly contribute to overall hair length.
Don’t hinge upon treatment products too much. the manufacturers promise that their products address the split ends and successfully treat them. However, they mostly only “seal” the tips, providing a vision of splits absence, while they are still there and are causing their regular harm. You can use those only if you don’t have much time, and need immediate but not a quality result.
Healthy Hair Care: Dry, Brush and Wash
Use your shampoo with a clever discretion. Put only required amount, not much. Too much of a shampoo will most probably remove more natural oil from your hair. Here are few hints on how to lower the risk of split tips:
- Don’t wash your hair every day. It’s better to do that every 2nd, 3rd or 4th day (frequency depends on your personal hair oiliness)
- Apply shampoo and rub it predominantly on the scalp and hair roots. Try not to expose whole hair shaft to it. When you wash the shampoo off your hair, it will run through them – and that is ok
- Avoid direct contact of your hair with hot water. Cover your hair with a bath cap when showering, and wash your hair using a room-temperature water
- If you notice a lot of split ends, it’s time to experiment with your shampoo. Try some lighter shampoos, or better – natural ones. Try not to use anything that contains sulfates or paraben
- If your hair still splits rapidly, try a different, milder shampoo. Avoid shampoos with sulfate or paraben
Don’t forget to condition your hair. Of course, natural conditioners are preferable (on our site you’ll find how to make them). A conditioner should be applied to your hair right after shampooing. The aim here is to nourish your scalp and hair and to lock the cuticles, making your hair soft, strong and shiny. Conditioner needs some time to be assimilated, before you rinse it with warm water.
Hair drying should be gentle. If you tend to use towel, don’t rub your hair. When your hair is wet, it’s much more vulnerable to physical impact. Just wrap your hair in the towel and wait. When you think that towel soaked most of the water, unwrap it and let your hair to dry on its own.
Using a blower is always a high-risk procedure. That is because hot airflow damages your hair. If you have no other chances and/or time to dry your hair, use the minimal temperature and air speed. Don’t hold the dryer too close to your hair to avoid additional harm.
Use a leave-in hair conditioning tactic from time to time. Every 2 or 4 weeks you need to do that. There are many options – commercial products as well as natural DIY recipes (a lot of them on your website). During such procedure, you deeply nourish your hair roots and shaft, stimulating better and healthier hair growth and state. Leave-in conditioners can be applied for a couple of hours or even overnight.
Look at one of the application schemes:
- Wash your hair with a light or natural shampoo; wrap them in a towel to collect extra water
- When your hair is just wet, take a little amount (a few teaspoons) of leave-in hair conditioner into your hands
- Rub it gently into your scalp using your fingertips. Ensure that you evenly spread it over whole surface
- Leave the conditioner in for a necessary amount of time. Then rinse it off with warm water
Experiment with your comb / brush. You need to make sure that you don’t pull out your hair while brushing. Your aim there is to detangle only, with minimal to zero side effects. You can look towards wooden comb, or a wide-toothed, flexible one. Just find the one that causes less pulling out.
Don’t overdo combing / brushing. Use only the necessary amount of strength and movements. When you see that you have done the job, stop it. Every movement you make comes with a risk of physical damage, especially when your hair is still wet. When your comb meets a tangle, stop it. Untangle with your fingertips, gently. Then go on.
All motions should be slow and long. Any fast, short partial movements impose unnecessary risks and damage. Try not brush your wet hair. If you can achieve similar results on dry hair – do it.
When you go to bed, you need to have your hair protected. It’s a good idea to grab and secure them together, that will provide some safety from physical damage and tangling. You can additionally cover your head with something.
Improve your diet. Look at RDA of nutrients like vitamins and minerals and see to it that you obtain enough. Hair mostly needs vitamin E, proteins and fatty acids; you should concentrate on those, too. Your main target is: nuts, seeds, leafy greens, vegetable oil, coconut, avocado and seafood.
Make sure that your hair receive enough oil, be that natural oil produced by your scalp or some hair oil that you may apply to your hair as a conditioner. Such conditioning oils (like almond, castor, almond, argan and olive oils) do provide additional nutrients to your scalp and hair, besides usual oily coating that protects from physical and heat damage., this preventing split ends. You can also use such hair oils as a leave-in conditioner, washing them off with a light shampoo in the morning. Ensure to stay away of products that contain additional chemicals.
Don’t apply oil only to your scalp. Make sure to distribute it throughout whole hair length and don’t forget about hair ends.
Use hair tools that cause minimum to zero damage. Any brushes, combs, bands, metal accessories that you think are harsh with your hair, should be changed into something gentler, made from wood or rubber.
Regularly do hair masks. Masks should be applied several times each month, preferably 2-4. Whether you’re using bought masks or do any recipe from our website, they are rich in nutrients that are important for hair growth and health. They moisturise your hair, seal cuticles, feed the shaft from inside, and heal hair follicles – all those contribute to healthy and strong hair ends.
Minimize Hair Damage
Avoid heat. The most detrimental effect of heat is that it’s breaks protein molecules inside your hair. Protein, being the main building material of hair, is a very important structure element. You definitely want it to stay intact. Hair ends are the oldest part of your hair strands, its structure withstand the environment for longer time than other hair parts. You need to be cautious and not to expose your hair to heat, be that environmental heat or hair styling tools.
Here are some guidelines:
- Any heat styling tools (like straighteners, blowers and curling irons) should be used not more than several times a month (2-3 at most)
- Your hair tools should have heat fine tuning option. Use that to minimize the working temperature to the lowest possible, while still effective one. Preferably you need to keep them below 180 Celsius (350F)
- When you’re in salon, tell the professional beforehand that you want lowest temperature to be used
Avoid direct contact of your hair with water in swimming pool and sea. Swimming pools usually use chlorine for sanitization, that chemical is harmful. And salty water destroys oily film on the surface of your hair. There are so called “pre-swimming” products that hydrate the hair and provide some protection. Besides, you can use swimming cap to segregate outside water from your hair. Wash or rinse your hair after such swimming.
Watch the water you’re using for rinsing and washing. The water supply is different in different areas. Some areas have harsh water with some harmful chemicals inside – mainly where there are not enough measures taken for purifying that water. An example of such chemical may be a calcium carbonate, which makes hair brittle. A good idea may be to use additional filtering appliance that will remove those chemicals for the most part.
Avoid sun rays damage. UV rays are harsh. They can cause damage to skin and hair. The worst part is that hair doesn’t get sunburn and they do not notify you about the damage via pain and redness. You can accept such damage as long as you do it, until you start seeing detrimental effect. Use hats.
Use commercial products with great caution. Many of them use harmful chemicals to maximize the advertised effect. They do not care about side effects, but you should. Try to read labels to see that there are no harsh chemicals inside. Use light products, or natural ones. Or even better – go with natural DIY alternatives. You can find recipes on our website.
To Summarize It
Split ends may spoil the beauty of your hair a lot. They appear because of many different causes, and they can be of several types. Generally, there is no way to health them once they appeared. You can only temporarily seal them if you don’t have time to perform a proper treatment. Once you’re done with that urgent matter, it’s better to thoroughly address the trimming procedure. After that you need to follow the precautions described here to prevent further split ends appearance.